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Anchorage is the largest city in the state of Alaska with 291,826 residents according to the 2010 United States Census. As well as the northern most major city in the United States, Anchorage is home to over 40 percent of Alaska’s population. The city is located on the lower alpine slopes of the Chugach Mountains, on a strip of coastal lowland. There is a huge diverse wildlife population located in urban Anchorage and in the surrounding areas, such as bears, wolves, moose, and mountain goats. There is a large number of parks, gardens, and recreation facilities, along with the wildlife the city is visited by large numbers of tourist each year.
Drug abuse in Anchorage, Alaska
There is a growing problem with illicit drug abuse throughout the city of Anchorage, Alaska. There is an estimate of 66 percent males arrested and booked into the Anchorage Correctional Complex that tested positive for illicit drugs such as cocaine, marijuana, heroin, and methamphetamine, according to the data from the 2003 Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring (ADAM) program. Local law enforcement state the illicit drug distribution and abuse is directly related to the cities violent crimes, as well as theft mainly by addicts seeking a way to fund their next high.
Cocaine is a very powerful and addictive stimulant drug that is derived from the leaves of the coca plant. It can be snorted, smoked or injected. Cocaine acts as an intense nervous system stimulant and an appetite suppressant, its effects can last anywhere from fifteen minutes to an hour. It typically produces an sense of euphoria or well being, insomnia, obsessive or compulsive behavior, increased energy, alertness, enhanced athletic or motor abilities, paranoia, anxiety, twitching, restlessness and increased body temperature. There are many risk involved with cocaine abuse such as stroke or heart attack, asthma, tooth decay, depression, lethargy, chest pain, bronchospasm, and insomnia or hypersomnia.
Marijuana is a green, brown or gray mixture of dried, shredded leaves, stems, seeds, and flowers of the hemp plant. The drug is mind altering, containing THC as the main active chemical out of over 400 other chemicals found in marijuana. It can be smoked or ingested orally, typically mixed in foods or drinks. The THC content determines the effects marijuana has on its user, the typical effects are a euphoric state of calmness. Marijuana is known to increase the heartbeat and pulse rate, causes bloodshot eyes, dry mouth and throat. Marijuana abuse has been directly associated with chronic bronchitis, limited breathing capacity, and lung cancer due to tar build ups from the THC, as well as an increased risk of heart attack. Long term use of Marijuana has psychological effects such as anxiety, depression and paranoia.
Heroin is an opioid drug, a form of morphine derived from the poppy plant. It is a highly addictive and dangerous drug, it is known as one of the most addictive drugs in the world. Heroin can be injected into the vain or muscle, snorted or smoked. The initial effects of heroin commonly are an intense sensation of euphoria, periods of wakefulness and drowsiness, slurred speech, dry mouth, slowed mental function, vomiting, constipation, and heavy extremities. Heroin abuse can cause collapsed veins, cellulites, abscesses, liver disease, pulmonary complications, and infection of the heart lining and valves. There is also a high possibility of fatal overdoses.
Methamphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant, it is a synthesized chemical made from the drug ephedrine and other toxic chemicals, produced in laboratories throughout the United States and Mexico. Methamphetamineis commonly smoked, snorted, injected, or taken orally. It produces long lasting effects of euphoria, hyper-excitability, alertness and energy, which make it so addictive. Methamphetamine can cause extreme nervousness, accelerated heartbeat, sweating, dizziness, restlessness, insomnia, tooth grinding, incessant talking, elevated blood pressure, and heart rate. In high doses Methamphetamine can cause hyperthermia (extreme rise in body temperature as high as 108 degrees), and convulsions, this can result in death.
Drug Addiction Treatment
After abusing drugs for some time the body will begin to develop a tolerance, requiring more of the drug to reach the desired effects. With a tolerance and dependence quickly follow, withdrawal symptoms debilitate the addict making it feel impossible to quit. Drug addiction can be overwhelming but with the help of a Rehab Program in Anchorage, Alaska you can successfully quit. A more fulfilling, sober, life is waiting for you.