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Rehab Programs in Fort Smith, Arkansas


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Fort Smith is the second largest city in the state of Arkansas with a total population of 86,209 according to the 2010 United States Census. It the principal city of the Fort Smith, Arkansas-Oklahoma Metropolitan Statistical Area and the county seat of Sebastian County. Fort Smith is located at Belle Point,  the junction of the Arkansas and Poteau Rivers, on the Arkansas-Oklahoma state border. Fort Smith is home to several colleges and universities. The cities economy is based on the manufacturing industry with many major plants located within the city. As well as many large corporations helping to fuel the cities economy.

Crack Cocaine, an addiction that never goes away

There is a growing problem with Crack Cocaine addiction in the state of Arkansas. Many residents to Arkansas are in need of treatment programs to quit this overwhelm addiction, even then they are not clear of crack, they will always be tempted by the drug and cravings can sneak up of them causing a relapse years into their recovery. In fact there were 2,003 cocaine related treatment admissions in the state of Arkansas in 2002 according to data from TEDS.  The majority of the admissions were for crack cocaine abuse. There were 1,656 treatment admissions in 2002 related to smoked cocaine (crack) abuse out of the 2,003 according to TEDS. This problem is not only with the state of Arkansas adults, 8.7 percent of students in grades 9 through 12 report having used cocaine (powder or crack) in their life time. This is a growing concern for all of the states residents. Local law enforcement are doing all they can to shut down the distribution and abuse of cocaine through drug seizures and arrests.

What is crack cocaine?

Crack cocaine is the freebased form of cocaine that is smoked, it is the most addictive form of cocaine. It has many names, most commonly called Crack, rock, hard, iron, cavvy, and base. It is a highly addictive stimulant. Crack directly affects the brain chemistry of the user. What makes crack so addictive is its short but intense high producing a sense of euphoria,  supreme confidence, alertness, and increased energy. These effects occur because the initial effect of the drug is to release a large amount of dopamine. This only lasts 5 to 10 minutes, then the dopamine levels in the brain drop drastically causing the user to feel depressed and low. The body craves more of the drug to “feel good” again so the user will take another hit, some even go on crack binges that last days.

Adverse effects of crack cocaine abuse

Crack cocaine has many adverse psychological effects such as insomnia, paranoia, loss of appetite, increasing irritability, and restlessness. Some may experience paranoid psychosis, losing touch with reality and experiences auditory hallucinations. Ekbom’s Syndrome which a mistaken belief they are infested with parasites is very common with those abusing crack long term. They also may experience “cocaine bugs” or “coke bugs,” where the affected people believe they have, or feel, parasites crawling under their skin. Those experiencing these delusions can cause injuries to themselves by scratching their skin thinking they can kill the bugs.

There are also a large number of adverse physically effects related to crack cocaine abuse. Short term effects include constricted blood vessels, dilated pupils, and increased temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. When crack cocaine is used in high doses the user may experience tremors, muscle twitches and become violent causing physical harm to themselves or others. Crack cocaine can be fatal, the drug directly effects the heart and can cause cardiac arrest, seizures and respiratory arrest.

Crack cocaine addiction

A tolerance to crack develops rather quickly, requiring more of the drug to reach the same effects as its first use. In time the user becomes dependent on the drug, it is some what physical but mostly psychological addiction because of the way crack effects the body. There are more psychological withdrawal symptoms rather then physical, this is why it makes quitting so difficult.

Its time to quit…

There are Rehab Programs in Fort Smith, Arkansas that can help you overcome your addiction to crack. They will help you through behavioral modification therapy, to get to the cause of your addiction and teach you the key tools you need to quit.As well as using non-addictive prescription medications to fight off the cravings of the drug. There is hope, A Rehab Program in Fort Smith, Arkansas can help you start on the road to recovery today.