Offering an effective treatment solution for folks to recover from the addiction of cocaine.
Cocaine is the second most popular illicit drug in the United States, making the US the worlds largest consumer of cocaine. In the past 10 years cocaine use has increased by about 63%. Over 3.7 million Americans have used cocaine at some point in time, with approximately 1.5 million using the drug regularly according to NHDSA. The popularity is high among young adults using cocaine as a party drug but does not discriminate on age.
What is cocaine and how is it made?
Cocaine comes from the leaves of the coca plant. Indonesian people have chewed the leaves of the coca plant for thousands of years, the leaf giving them strength and energy also being used for medical purposes. The Spanish increased the spread and popularity of the coca plant. In 1863 Angelo Mariani marketed a wine containing the coca leaf, cocawine called Vin Mariani. The ethanol in the wine and the coca leave altered the drinks effect. In 1886 coca leaves were also added to the drink Coca Cola, causing the drink to give added energy and becoming highly addictive. Cocaine was also used to treat morphine addiction in 1879 and as a local anesthetic in 1884. The U.S. manufacture Parke-Davis sold cocaine in cigarettes, powder form, and even liquid from for IV use including the needle for injection, in 1885. Sold in neighborhood drug stores in the early 20th century. Uses of cocaine grew over the years threw out many different cultures, the drug being highly addictive to its users.
Cocaine is a powerful stimulant that directly effects the functions of the brain, it is highly addictive. Street names for cocaine are “Coke”, “Snow”, “C”, “Flake” and “Blow”. Sold on the streets as a fine white crystalline powder, cocaine is commonly mixed with cornstarch, talcum powder or sugar before sold. Cocaine is most commonly snorted but can be smoked with other drugs or injected. Cocaine produces a euphoric feeling for the user, lasting up to 30 minutes. There are many health risks involved in using Cocaine such as increased body temperature and heart rate, high Blood pressure, irregular Heart beat, heart Attack, chest pain, respiratory failure, stoke, seizures, headaches, abdominal pain and nausea. Chronic cocaine users can becomes malnourished because of the appetite suppressing effect of the drug. Users who snort the drug will commonly have a constant runny nose, loss of smell, nosebleeds, hoarse voice and trouble swallowing. Users who Inject cocaine risk having severe allergic reactions and a high risk of contracting blood born diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis.
In the beginning of the 20th century the true health effects of cocaine came out. There were a lot of negative racial stereotypes around the drug in the early 1900’s, such as “Most of the attacks upon the white women of the South are the direct result of a cocaine-crazed Negro brain.” and that most cocaine abusers were “gamblers, high- and low-class prostitutes, night porters,burglars, racketeers, pimps, and casual laborers.”. In 1914 Cocaine was outlawed in the United States, it was named a narcotic, a classifications causing a lot of debate on prosecuting violators because the drug is in fact a stimulant. In 1970 cocaine was labeled a controlled substance in the United States listed in the Controlled Substance Act. Today the cultivation, distribution and possession of cocaine is illegal in all parts of the world. Although it is named an illicit drug its use remains widespread threw out the world in different cultural, social and personal settings.
Cocaine Addiction Treatment is the Next Step
Cocaine addiction treatment is similar to that for any other drug or alcohol addiction. Places like a rehab center will have treatment plans that typically involve the detoxification process to cleanse the body of any drugs, group therapy and counseling to get to the core of the addiction problem, the 12 step program and meeting support groups to help when leaving the treatment program. Treatment centers work to educated the addict on what cocaine is doing to their health before the drug consumes them whole. Cravings for cocaine are completely psychological and can make the recovery presses slightly different from that of other drugs. It is common for coke addicts to relapse after years of sobriety. Recovery from an cocaine addiction is a life time battle to over come the cravings that can come from no where. It is very important for addicts to continue using group meetings and helping other addicts with their recovery to help keep themselves sober.