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Types of Federal Drug Penalties

Schedule I:

High abuse potential and no approved medical uses.

  • Heroin (a narcotic), opiates and opium and its derivatives:
  • Junk, Horse, Smack, Scag, Sugar
  • GHB (Gamma hydroxybutyric acid): G, Liquid X, Liquid Ecstasy, Grievous Bodily Harm, Georgia Home Boy, Scoop, the date rape drug
  • Marijuana and all derivatives: THC, Hashish, Hashish Oil, Hash, Pot, Acapulco Gold, Grass, Weed, Joint, Mary Jane, Reefer
  • Hallucinogens: LSD (Acid, Microdot, Cubes), Peyote, Mescaline, Psilocybin (Mushrooms), Phencyclidine (PCP, Angel Dust, Hog, Purple Rain, Crazy Eddie, Hellraiser, Untouchable, Lethal Weapon), MDMA (Ecstasy)
  • Methaqualone (Quaaludes)

Schedule I Risks

Use may lead to physical and/or psychological dependence.

Narcotics: Can cause dependence. Withdrawal from certain narcotics can be life-threatening. Single doses can produce impaired cognitive and motor functioning and fluctuations in mood and awareness. Higher doses can cause respiratory arrest.

A behavioral depressant and a hypnotic: Can cause aggression and violence, may render a victim unconscious within 20 minutes, and may cause death. The drug is colorless and odorless.

Marijuana: Single doses can impair cognitive functioning, learning motivation and motor abilities. Very large doses can cause confusion, restlessness, hallucinations and panic reactions. Possible depression of the immune system, chromosome damage, reduced sperm count in males.

Hallucinogens: Increased blood pressure, muscular weakness, trembling, nausea, chills, impaired mood and unpredictable changes in emotions and sensations. Possible “flashbacks” some time after use.

Barbiturates: Can cause dependence with withdrawal symptoms. Larger doses cause slurred speech, slowed reactions and excessive sleep. Large doses or doses with alcohol or other sedative hypnotics can result in respiratory depression and death.

Schedule II:

High potential for abuse. Written prescriptions required, and no refills allowed.

  • Narcotics, including morphine, methadone, meperidine (Demerol), codeine, oxycodone (Percodan, Percocet), fentanyl, hydromorphone (Dilaudid), opiates and opium and its derivatives
  • Barbiturates (Reds, Yellow Jackets, Barbs, Downers)
  • secobarbital (Seconal), pentobarbital (Nembutal)

Stimulants

  • amphetamines (Speed, Bennies, Uppers, Black Beauties, Pep Pills)
  • cocaine and coca products (Crack, Coke, Flake, Snow, Freebase, Lady)
  • cocaine hydrochloride (Ice)

 

Schedule II Risks

Use may lead to severe physical and/or psychological dependence.

Narcotics: See above under Schedule I

Barbiturates: See above under Schedule I

Stimulants: Can cause irritability, impaired judgment, impulsivity and grandiosity. Increased blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature, respiration, sweating. Have been linked to cardiovascular problems and convulsions, which can be lethal. Repeated dosing can lead to dependence as well as a paranoid psychosis.

Schedule III:

Some potential for abuse. Prescriptions required, and up to five renewals within six months allowed.

  • Medications containing small amounts of narcotics, including Tylenol #3, Empirin with codeine, codeine-based cough suppressants such as Tusslonex and Hycomine
  • Medications containing small amounts of barbiturates, such as Florinal
  • Anabolic steroids

Schedule III Risks

Use may lead to low-to-moderate physical dependence orhigh psychological dependence.

Narcotics: See above under Schedule I

Barbiturates: See above under Schedule I

Steroids: The liver and the cardiovascular and reproductive systems are most severely affected. In males can cause sterility and impotence; in females irreversible masculine traits, menstrual irregularities, breast reduction and sterility. Psychological effects include aggression, combative behavior and depression. May also cause strokes, heart attacks, liver cancer, skin problems and arrested bone development during adolescence.

Schedule IV:

Low potential for abuse. Prescriptions required, and up to five renewals within six months allowed.

  • Sedative-hypnotics (Tranks, Downers): diazepam (Valium), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), triazolam (Halcion), tempazepam (Restoril), meprobamate (Equanil), ethchlorvynol (Placidyl) and oxazepam (Serax).
  • Stimulants, including phentermine (Loamin), and diethylpropion (Tenuate)
  • Narcotics, including pentazocine (Talwin) and propoxyphene (Darvon, Darvocet)

Schedule IV Risks

Use may lead to physical and/or psychological addiction.

Sedative-hypnotics: Includes benzodiazepines and other similar substances. These can cause dependence with associated withdrawal symptoms; withdrawal can be life-threatening. Small doses tend to be relaxing; larger doses cause slurred speech, slowed reactions and sleep. Can produce dependence. Large doses or doses in combination with alcohol and other sedative hypnotics can result in respiratory depression and death.

Stimulants: See above under Schedule II

Narcotics: See above under Schedule I

Schedule V:

Abuse potential low. Prescriptions may or may not be required.

  • Compounds that contain very limited amounts of codeine, dihydrocodeine, ethylmorphine, opium, and atropine, such as Terpine Hydrate with codeine, Robitussin AC

Schedule V Risks

Use may lead to physical and/or psychological addition.

Can cause nausea, gastrointestinal symptoms, drowsiness; withdrawal symptoms include runny nose, watery eyes, panic, chills, cramps, irritability.

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