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Portland is the largest city in the state of Maine with a total population of 66,194 according to the 2010 United States Census. Portland is the county seat of Cumberland County. The city is a common place visited, tourists visit Portland’s historic Old Port district along Portland Harbor and the Arts District. Portland recovered from four devastating fires in its life time, for this the city seal depicts a phoenix rising from the ashes, they cities motto is “Resurgam” which means “I will rise again”. This motto and city deal also has great meaning to the cities recovering addicts and acts as encouragement for those beginning the recovery process.
Cocaine abuse in Portland, Maine
Cocaine abuse is growing problem in Maine. Cocaine is transported into Maine from several locations primarily in privately owned, borrowed, and leased vehicles and by way of public transportation from New York and Florida by Dominican drug trafficking organizations. It is then distributed to gangs and drug dealers and sold throughout the city and surrounding areas.
Cocaine distribution has been directly connected with violent crimes and homicide in the state of Maine. The users of cocaine are known for thefts, burglaries, assaults, and home invasions to find a way to support their addiction. Police are doing what they can to shut down the distribution and use of cocaine through arrests and drug seizures. The percentage of MDEA arrests for powdered or crack cocaine was 28 percent (207) in 2000. MDEA seizures of powdered cocaine and crack cocaine was 5.8 kilograms in 2000.
Despite the hard efforts of local police many Portland, Maine residents are addicted to cocaine and some are causing chaos throughout the city. Many find themselves in need of a treatment facility to overcome their addiction to cocaine. There was 235 Maine residents admitted to drug treatment programs for powdered and crack cocaine abuse in 2000.
Cocaine is typically found in two forms, crystal or freebase. The crystal form of cocaine is powder, it is snorted or mixed with water then injected intravenously. The freebase form of cocaine is called “crack”, it is smoked. The crystal form of cocaine is heated then mixed with ammonia, baking soda and water, its name comes from the crackling sound in makes when lit. Freebase cocaine is faster acting effects compared to crystal cocaine for the fact the it is inhaled directly, when snorted the crystal has to dissolve in the fluids of the body to feel the effects.
When purchasing cocaine off the streets it is typically mixed with other substances making it extremely dangerous. It is commonly mixed with talcum powder, sugar and cornstarch. At times cocaine is mixed with amphetamines to increase the stimulant effects. Cocaine is an highly addictive drug smoked, injected or snorted.
The Effects of Cocaine
Cocaine it is a powerful stimulant that effects the part of the brain that deals with pleasure and rewards, giving the euphoric feeling that makes the drug so addictive. Cocaine increases one energy, many go on several day long binges constantly taking hits, snorting or injecting to maintain their high.
Cocaine use increases heart rate, elevating the blood pressure and causing fast breathing. Heart attack, cardiac arrest, respiratory failure and stroke can result from cocaine abuse. These normally happen to a long term Cocaine user but has happened to one time users as well, everyone’s reaction to the drug is different. There is a chance of over dose because when a tolerance is developed the use will take more of the drug to feel the same effect, this can get out of control and an overdose can occur. Symptoms of over dose include, profuse sweating, extremely fast breathing, rapid heart beat, auditory hallucinations and high body temperature.
Treatment for Cocaine Addiction
Because Cocaine addiction is mainly psychological, behavioral modification therapy is a very important part in the recovery process. You will learn the rout cause of your addiction as well as relearn how to live a life of sobriety. The chance of relapse is high with cocaine addiction because random cravings can occur years after quitting so it is extremely important to continue on with group meets to have constant support to prevent relapse. Rehab Programs in Portland, Maine can help you over come this addiction, call today and begin on the road of recovery.