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Helena is the capital of the state of Montana. It is the fifth largest city in the state with a total population of 28,180 according to the 2010 United States Census Report. Helena’s economy is fueled by the Helena Regional Airport, HLN. The airport does help the community, but it also allows drug trafficking to make its way into the state on Montana. With a rise in illicit drug use throughout the city, Law Enforcement are in full force trying to stop the drug trafficking, distribution and use of illicit drugs in Helena and throughout Montana.
Drug Trafficking of Heroin in Montana and throughout the United States
In the state of Montana heroin is trafficked through land and air. Heroin in Montana and throughout the United States is produced and brought in from Columbia and Mexico. Law enforcement in these countries are doing what they can to stop the trafficking of this highly addictive drug into the United States. Colombian law enforcement reported seizing 375 hectares of opium poppy in 2007, and the Government of Mexico (GOM) reported seizing 7,784 hectares of opium poppy. At home United States Law enforcement are fighting heroin from entering into our home. Federal agencies seized 1,774 kilograms of heroin in 2006, according to Federal-wide Drug Seizure System (FDSS) data.
Heroin is extremely addictive and a very commonly abuse opiate. Heroin is derived from morphine, which is extracted from the seed pod of the poppy plant. Heroin is a powder that varies in color from white to dark brown. The color difference is due to impurities left from the manufacturing process or the presence of additives. Another form of heroin, “black tar”, it may be sticky like roofing tar or hard like coal, with its color varying from dark brown to black. Heroin is most commonly injected but can also be smoked or snorted.
The Effects of Heroin
According to the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), approximately 3.8 million Americans aged 12 or older reported trying heroin at least once during their lifetimes. These people are attracted to the effects of Heroin, the initial “rush” experienced.Injecting heroin directly into ones vain produces the greatest intensity and most rapid onset of the initial rush that users experience, this occurs within 7 to 8 seconds after injection. Intramuscular injection produces a slower onset of this euphoric feeling, taking 5 to 8 minutes. When heroin is sniffed or smoked, the peak effects of the drug are usually felt within 10 to 15 minutes.
The euphoric feeling attracts users. It also causes a warm flushing of the skin, dry mouth, and heavy extremities. After the euphoric feeling dissipates, the user experiences an alternately wakeful and drowsy state. Their mental function becomes clouded due to the depression of the central nervous system. A great risk is taken when using heroin because it causes breathing to be slowed to the point of respiratory failure.
The Effects of chronic Heroin use
Many chronic heroin users develop a tolerance to the drug, requiring more of it to have the same effects as the first use. Using Heroin over a long period of time often leads to addiction, a dependence on the drug to make it threw daily life. Ones life will be completely consumed by the drug and trying to get another fix. Along with addiction comes withdrawal. The body will feel symptoms such as drug craving, restlessness, muscle and bone pain, and vomiting. Major withdrawal symptoms peak between 48 and 72 hours after the last dose and subside after about a week.
Chronic use of heroin can cause the user to develop serious health conditions such as collapsed veins, infection of the heart lining and valves, abscesses, and liver disease. As well as pulmonary complications, including various types of pneumonia, may also result in the user. Those who inject the drug have a high rick of contracting HIV, hepatitis C (HCV), and other infectious diseases. Many overdoses occur due to heroin, landing one in the emergency department, some over doses can even be fatal. According to DAWN data, in 2006 heroin was involved in 189,780 ED visits.
Heroin Addiction treatment, there is help out there…
Heroin addiction is one of the hardest illicit drug addictions to quit. Many are in need of rehab programs to over come their addiction. In 2007, there was 246,871 treatment admissions with heroin as the primary drug of abuse. If you are in need of help contact an Helena, Montana Rehab Program today.
There is a variety of effective treatments for heroin addiction. When entering into the detox process a medication called Methadone is prescribed by a Doctor. Methadone is a synthetic opiate that blocks the effects of heroin and eliminates withdrawal symptoms. You will enter into behavioral therapy in both group and individual settings to help you understand your addiction and learn key ways of avoiding relapse after leaving the program. There is help out there, do not let Heroin control your life any longer. Contact a Helena, Montana Rehab Programs today…