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Reno, known as the biggest little city in the World, is located in the state of Nevada. It is the fourth largest city in the state with a total population of 220,500 according to the 2010 U.S. census report. At the foot of the Sierra Nevada, the city is located in a high desert valley. Reno is the birthplace of the gaming corporation Harrah’s Entertainment, the city is famous for its casinos and night life entertainment.
Home to the oldest university in the state of Nevada, The University of Nevada, Reno has an enrollment of approximately 17,000 students. Other colleges and universities calling Reno home are Truckee Meadows Community College, The Nevada School of Law at Old College, Career College of Northern Nevada, The University of Phoenix, and Morrison University. Reno’s casinos, hotels and entertainment events fuel the cities economy.
With such an amazing night life, Reno is fighting a battle with substance abuse. Many tourist and residents are using “club drugs” causing a rise in arrest and treatment admissions throughout the state.
The most commonly abused in the club scene are MDMA (ecstasy), Rohypnol, GHB, and ketamine, whither it is intentional use or slipped into a drink. The recreational use of these drugs vary by location.
Street names are “ecstasy,” “XTC,” and “X” and “E.” MDMA is a synthetic, psychoactive drug that is chemically similar to the stimulant methamphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline. MDMA’s effect neurons that use the chemical serotonin to communicate with other neurons. This affects the way the body regulates mood, aggression, sexual activity, sleep, and sensitivity to pain. Those who use MDMA are doing it for the euphoric effect, it heightens the body’s scenes. MDMA interferes with its own metabolism, the effects of the drug will ware of and the user begins taking more of the drug in a short amount of time, reaching harmful levels. When the user gets to these high, harmful levels, MDMA can affect the body’s ability to regulate temperature, causing a drastic increase in body temperature, hyperthermia. This can result in liver, kidney, and cardiovascular failure. Chronic use of MDMA can also lead to changes in brain function, affecting cognitive tasks and memory, and symptoms of depression several days after its use.
Street names are “liquid ecstasy,” “soap,” “easy lay,” “vita-G,” and “Georgia home boy.” GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate) is a central nervous system depressant. The drug is abused for its euphoric, sedative, and anabolic effects. Those who abuse GHB risk coma and seizures following just one use. When in combination with alcohol or other street drugs it can result in nausea and breathing difficulties. Withdrawal effects of GHB are insomnia, anxiety, tremors, and sweating. GHB is responsible for many poisonings, overdoses, date rapes, and deaths.
Street names are “special K” or “vitamin K.” Ketamine is an anesthetic used in both human and animal medicine. 90 percent of the ketamine legally sold is intended for veterinary use, it is kept under lock and key to prevent theft but some times that isn’t enough to keep the addicts away. Abusers will either inject or snort ketamine, causing dream-like states and hallucinations. When ketamine is taken in high doses it can cause delirium, amnesia, impaired motor function, high blood pressure, depression, and potentially fatal respiratory problems.
Street names are “rophies,” “roofies,” “roach,” and “rope.” Rohypnol is the trade name for flunitrazepam. Belonging to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines. It is often colorless, tasteless, and odorless, they can be added to beverages and ingested unknowingly. Rohypnol can incapacitate victims and prevent them from resisting sexual assault. It can produce “anterograde amnesia,” which means individuals may not remember events they experienced while under the effects of the drug. Rohypnol can have fatal consequences when mixed with alcohol or other depressants.