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Newark is the largest city in the state of New Jersey with a population of 277,140 according to the 2010 census. Located in the county seat of Essex County, Newark is the largest municipality in New Jersey. Newark is one of the nation’s major air, shipping and rail hubs and the 68th largest city in the United States. Located only 8 miles west of Manhattan, Newark is the heart of New Jersey’s Gateway Region, many of the cities residents travel to work in NYC. Newark has the largest port on the East coast. Newark Liberty International Airport is one of the busiest airports today and the first municipal commercial airport in the United States. Newark is the third-largest insurance center in United States, this helps to fuel the cities economy along with over 300 types of business. These include 1,800 retail, 540 wholesale establishments, eight major bank headquarters (including those of New Jersey’s three largest banks), and twelve savings and loan association headquarters.
Drugs and crime in Newark put the city on the “Top Dangerous City’s in the Nation” list
Since 1996 Newark has been known as one of “The Most Dangerous City’s in the Nation”. In 1996 the city ranked #1, as of 2010 the city stands at 23rd. The city has seen a decline its its crime with homicides ones at 161 in 1981, by 2008 there was a drop to 65 homicides, most of which are drug related. Cocaine abuse is a serious problem throughout New Jersey, especially in Newark. Powdered cocaine and crack are easily available to Newark citizens. This drug accounts for a high number of treatment admissions and more convictions than any other drug. Cocaine is commonly associated with violent crime such as assaults, drive-by shootings, and homicides. Colombian drug trafficking organizations are the biggest cocaine suppliers for New Jersey-based criminal groups which then distribute the drug to citizens throughout the state.
The Facts, according to NDIC
- In 2008, almost 15 percent of Americans had tried cocaine, with 6 percent having tried it by their senior year of high school.
- 40 percent of all treatment admissions in New Jersey in 1997 were cocaine-related
- Newark had over 3,500 cocaine treatment admissions in 1998
- Newark was third in the nation in 1991 with 241 cocaine-related emergence department admissions per 100,000 people
- According to DAWN, Newark was one of nine cities with a high percentage (more than 20%) of cocaine emergency department admissions
- Medical examiner data identified 144 cocaine-related deaths in 1999 in Newark
- About 43 percent of all federal drug sentences in New Jersey in 1999 were related to powdered and crack cocaine
- Over 38 percent–12,544 of 32,741 kilograms–of all drugs seized under the FDSS were cocaine
Cocaine is derived for the leaves of the coca plant that is native to the mountains of South America. It is both a central nervous system stimulant and an anesthetic. The traditional method of using the coca plant is to chew the leaves, producing a mild stimulation. Outside of its home, South America, it is commonly made into powder cocaine or freebase (chemically purified cocaine) form that produces much stronger effects. Cocaine is commonly used by sniffing the powder or injecting the powder after its been dissolved in water or by smoking a purified form which is known as”freebase” or “crack”. Cocaine is highly addictive and a tolerance develops quickly requiring the user to take more of the drug to get the same effects.
The effects of cocaine
- increased alertness
- elevated mood
- improves thinking
- increased concentration
- increased energy
- increased irritability
In large doses users can experience symptoms of psychosis. They will become confused and exhibit disorganized behavior, irritability, fear, paranoia, hallucinations, they may become extremely antisocial and aggressive. Cocaine has drastic effects on the body as well with increased heart rate, blood pressure, and body temperature, temperature, pulse, and respiration, decreased sleep and appetite, seizures, strokes, heart attacks, death.