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Santa Fe is the capital of New Mexico. It is also the fourth largest city in the state. According the 2010 Census the population is 75,764. It is located along the Sangre de Cristo Mountain range. The climate in Santa Fe is considered cool semi-arid with cool winters and hot summers. The city sees an average of 325 days of sunshine a year. It is the oldest capital in the United States and that is also the city’s slogan.
The nickname for the city is “The Different City”. Santa Fe was originally home to the Pueblo Indians but was then founded by Don Juan de Ornate in 1598 as a providence of New Spain. It was named “La Ville Realde la Santa Fe de San Francisco de Asis” which is Spanish for “The Royal Town of the Holy Faith of St. Fancis of Assisi” In 1836 in was claimed by the Republic of Texas and it officially became part of the United States through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
The name Santa Fe means holy faith in Spanish. Santa Fe is a very popular tourist destination. The city has a unique mix of art, culture and ancient tradition that attracts over a million visitors each year. It is renowned as a center of multicultural art and culture and the city is home to a high concentration of artist. The famous artist Georgia O’Keeffe has been known to visit Santa Fe and has created many famous works of art while in the city. It is ranked in as the third largest art market in the county. It has been designated as a UNESCO Creative City. Santa Fe is home to the world class Santa Fe Opera, New Mexico Museum of Art, the Georgia O’Keeffe Museum, and it is host to the annual Santa Fe Desert Chorale and the Santa Fe Chamber Music Festival. There is also a high rate of alcoholism and alcohol abuse present in Santa Fe.
Alcohol abuse on the rise in Santa Fe, New Mexico
Alcoholism and alcohol abuse are an ongoing and relentless problem in Santa Fe. In 2009 seventy-seven percent of residents reported drinking alcohol before the legal drinking age of twenty-one. Twenty-four percent of middle school students reported taking their first drink of alcohol before the age of eleven and fifty-three percent of high school students reported currently consuming alcohol on a regular basis. There were 1,308 arrests for drinking while intoxicated in Santa Fe in 2009. This is a growing concern for Santa Fe residents who worry about the dangers of drinking while intoxicated and youth of the city abusing alcohol. This is also a pressing matter because alcohol use commonly leads to harm to ones self or others especially when abused by underage drinkers. The city of Santa Fe is trying to combat this persistent problem by implementing awareness programs and parent and youth education programs.
The use of alcohol is a widely accepted practice throughout the world. Alcohol can be found in the form of beer, wine, and liquor. In most parts of the United States it can be purchased in liquor stores, grocery stores and convenient stores. Alcohol use can lead to intoxication, commonly known as drunkenness. The effects of alcohol range significantly depending on many variables. The amount of alcohol consumed, the body size of the individual, the tolerance level of the individual and even the amount of food consumed that day by the individual all affect how a person will react to alcohol consumption and how quickly they will become intoxicated. Generally when people become intoxicated effects include slowed reflexes, impaired judgment, lapses in memory, vomiting, loss of inhibitions, dizziness, confusion, blurred vision, decreased coordination, and increased sociability. When intoxication wears off many individuals experience a sickness referred to as a hangover. The effects of a hangover include head ache, body aches, sensitivity to light and sound, nausea, dehydration, diarrhea and fatigue.