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New York is the largest city in the state of New York, it is the most populated city in the United States. According to the 2010 census, the cities population is 8,175,133 and growing. New York City is the center of the New York Metropolitan Area, which is one of the most populous metropolitan areas in the world.The city is located on a large natural harbor on the Atlantic coast of the Northeastern United States.
New York City has five boroughs, The Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens and Staten Island. The population of New York city is extremely diverse with as many as 800 languages spoken by residents and tourist. During the 19th and early 20th century, New York City’s Statue of Liberty has greeted millions of immigrants as they came in to the country. New York City has always been looked at by outsiders as a city that makes dreams come true, attracting American and immigrants to its streets to begin their lives.
The Big Apple
The city is home to many known landmarks attracting millions of tourists who get around with its thousands of taxi’s in service, buses, and the well know 24-7 subway service. Known as “The Crossroads of the World”, Times Square, is the bright illuminated hub of the Broadway theater district. It is one of the worlds busiest pedestrian intersections and a major center of the worlds entertainment industry. New York is home to many world renowned bridges, skyscrapers, and parks. Tourist flock to the streets of Manhattan’s Chinatown, Little Italy, and Soho for shopping and to experience different cultures. In lower Manhattan, Wall Street, New York City’s financial district functions as the financial capital of the world as home to the New York Stock Exchange. Many top 100 colleges in the world call New York City home, such as Columbia University, New York University and Rockefeller University.
New York is truly an amazing city, it exerts a significant impact upon global commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. New York is an important center for international affairs and is widely deemed the cultural capital of the world, it is the home of the United Nations Headquarters.
Crack cocaine epidemic on the streets of NYC
During the 1980’s and early 1990’s NYC had a large problem with its residents using Crack Cocaine, it led to an increase in crime throughout the city. While crack cocaine is still the number one drug used in the city, since 2005 the city has had the lowest crime rate among the 25 largest U.S. cities. Police are cleaning up the streets of NYC with more than a 75% decrease in violent crimes from 1933 to 2005, and is continuing to decrease even when the nation is seeing increases in violence. What crime is in the city is associated with organized crime groups such as the Bloods, Crips, Latin Kings and MS-13. These groups are responsible for the drugs being sold on the streets on NYC.
Crack Cocaine Addiction
Crack cocaine is the freebase form of cocaine that can be smoked. There are many street names for this drug, including rock, hard, iron, cavvy, base or just crack. Crack gets its name from the crackling sound it makes when ignited. Crack rocks appear as off-white nuggets with jagged edges. Crack cocaine that is sold on the streets is commonly altered, Buffed, adding other dangerous chemicals to increase bulk.
Crack cocaine affects the brain chemistry of the user by releasing large amounts of dopamine. This creates feelings of euphoria, supreme confidence, loss of appetite, insomnia, alertness, increased energy, a craving for more cocaine, and potential paranoia (ending after use). The high usually lasts from 5–10 minutes. After the initial effects of the drug wear off the dopamine levels in the brain plummet, this leaves the user feeling depressed and low. Many users will continuously take hits of the drug to not feel this. The levels of dopamine in the brain take a long time to replenish themselves, and each hit taken in rapid succession leads to increasingly less intense highs creating a tolerance to the drug.
Chronic use of the drug can result in increased irritability, restlessness, and paranoia. There is a possibility of full-blown paranoid psychosis, where the individual loses touch with reality and experiences auditory hallucinations. Delusional parasitosis is also common in chronic users, it is where the user believes they are covered in bugs, scratching this skin off trying to remove the bugs. Cocaine physically effects the body by constricting blood vessels, dilated pupils, and increased temperature, heart rate, blood pressure as well as induce tremors, vertigo, muscle twitches, paranoia, and has even been directly related with violent behaviors. Most overdose deaths from crack cocaine are due to cardiac arrest