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Greensboro is located in the state of North Carolina, and is the third largest city in the state withe population of 269,666 according to the 2010 census. Greensboro is a up and coming center for relocation businesses. Citizens take pride in the cities beauty and livability. In 2004 the Department of Energy (DOE) awarded Greensboro with entry into the Clean Cities Hall of Fame.
Despite the beauty, Greensboro like many other cities has fallen victim to drug trafficking. The city is located at the intersection of two major interstate highways, I-85 and I-40. Making it a center for drug traffickers. Many of the cities residents have even fallen victim to drug addiction.
An increasing addiction to Methamphetamine strikes Greensboro
North Carolina has a growing drug problem with Methamphetamine. It is nearly the popularity of crack cocaine because of its availability, cost and long lasting, highly addictive effects. Law enforcement report a drastic increase in arrest from 1996 to 2000. Mexico, California and southwestern states commonly fill the cities of North Carolina with this highly addictive drug. However in the rural areas throughout the state have illegal “Meth Labs” producing the drug for distribution within the state. There has been an increasing number of Methamphetamine laboratories seized each year by local law enforcement since 1999.
Most of the Methamphetamine users are located in rural North Carolina but use is also moving into the club scene throughout the state. According to North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services, the number of methamphetamine-related treatment admissions increased dramatically from 57 in 1996 to 135 in 1999. Methamphetamine-related treatment admissions have begun to outnumber admissions associated with abuse of cocaine, marijuana, and heroin.
Methamphetamine is a highly addictive stimulant that drastically affects the central nervous system. Commonly known as “speed,” “meth,” “chalk,” “ice,” “crystal,” “crank,” and “glass.” Meth is a white, odorless, bitter-tasting crystalline powder that easily dissolves in water or alcohol. It’s chemical structure is similar to that of amphetamine, with more pronounced effects on the central nervous system. Meth causes increased activity, decreased appetite, and a general sense of well-being. These effects can last 6 to 8 hours, this is called the “rush”. After the rush there can be a state of high agitation that can lead to violent behaviors in some users.
Meth can be smoked, snorted, orally ingested, or injected. Altering moods in different ways, depending on how it is taken. When soming or injecting the drug its effects are immediate, the user experiences an intense rush or “flash” that lasts only a few minutes and is described as extremely pleasurable. Snorting or oral ingestion produces euphoria, snorting produces effects within 3 to 5 minutes, and oral ingestion produces effects within 15 to 20 minutes. A tolerance for Math can occur within minutes, requiring the user to take more of the drug to reach the same effects as the first high. Many users continuously take the drug to maintain the high.
Methamphetamine health effects
Long term effects of Methamphetamine use include Dependence and Addiction Psychosis such as Paranoia, Hallucinations, Mood Disturbances, Repetitive Motor Activity. Chronic use of Meth can cause cardiovascular problems such as rapid heart rate, irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure, and irreversible, stroke-producing damage to small blood vessels in the brain. Chronic methamphetamine abuse can result in inflammation of the heart lining, and among users who inject the drug, damaged blood vessels and skin abscesses. Methamphetamine abusers also can have episodes of violent behavior, paranoia, anxiety, confusion, and insomnia. Heavy users also show progressive social and occupational deterioration. Psychotic symptoms can sometimes persist for months or years after use has ceased. Hyperthermia (elevated body temperature) and convulsions occur with methamphetamine overdoses that can result in death.