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Minot is the fourth largest city in the state of North Dakota with a population of 40,888 as of the 2010 census. The city is the county seat of Ward County. Minot was founded in 1886 during the construction of the Great Northern Railway. Known as “Magic City” because of its remarkable growth in size over such a short time. Minot is the trading center for a large portion of the northern North Dakota, southwestern Manitoba and southeastern Saskatchewan. The city was named the best place to raise a family in 2010 by Departures Magazine. Such as beautiful city has a secret problem. Many of its residents are struggling with addiction to prescription drugs.
The secret addiction to prescription drugs
Most who are struggling from Prescription drug addiction started on accident. Taking an doctor prescribed medication, then finding themselves abusing the drug because their body has developed a tolerance or continuing use to feel the effects of the drug even after the initial symptoms they were being treated for are gone. Some abuse prescription drugs to get high or have added energy. What ever the reason Minot North Dakota rehab programs are here to help.
Prescription drug abuse is continuing to grow throughout the United States, the number of treatment admissions has increase drastically over the past few years. Many have the misconception that because these drugs are legal that they are safe, this is untrue, when any drug is abused it can be deadly. Many prescription drugs can be abused or misused. Although there are three classes of prescription drugs that are most commonly abused…
- Opioids, which are most often prescribed to treat pain
- CNS depressants, which are used to treat anxiety and sleep disorders
- Stimulants, which are prescribed to treat the narcolepsy, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and obesity
Medications in this class include morphine, codeine, oxycodone (OxyContin), propoxyphene (Darvon), hydrocodone (Vicodin), and hydromorphone (Dilaudid), as well as meperidine (Demerol). Opioids attach themselves to specific proteins (opioid receptors) in the brain, spinal cord and gastrointestinal tract. When attached they block the transmission of pain messages to the brain. Opioid drugs also can cause euphoria by affecting the brains pleasure center. Opioids can cause drowsiness, constipation, and depress respiration depending on the dose taken. Chronic use of opioids can result in tolerance, users must take higher doses to achieve the same initial effects.
Long-term use can lead to physical dependence and addiction. The body feels withdrawal symptoms when the drug dose is reduced or stopped. Symptoms of withdrawal include restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes with goose bumps (called “cold turkey”), and involuntary leg movements.
Medication in this class include Barbiturates: mephobarbital (Mebaral) and pentobarbital sodium (Nembutal), and Benzodiazepines: diazepam (Valium), chlordiazepoxide HCl (Librium), and alprazolam (Xanax), triazolam (Halcion) and estazolam (ProSom). CNS depressants act on the brain by affecting the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). Neurotransmitters are brain chemicals that facilitate communication between brain cells. GABA works by decreasing brain activity. CNS depressants produce a drowsy or calming effect that is beneficial to those suffering from anxiety or sleep disorders. Barbiturates and benzodiazepines are highly addictive.
Long term use of these drugs causes the body to develop tolerance for the drugs, and larger doses will be needed to achieve the same initial effects. Addiction can occur, a physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms when stopped. CNS depressants work by slowing the brain’s activity, when an individual stops taking them, the brain’s activity can rebound and race out of control, possibly leading to seizures and other harmful consequences.
Medications in this class include, dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine) and methylphenidate (Ritalin). These drugs have chemical structures that are similar to a family of key brain neurotransmitters called monoamines, which include norepinephrine and dopamine, increasing the amount of these chemicals in the brain. Stimulants increase blood pressure and heart rate, constricts blood vessels, increases blood glucose, and opens up the pathways of the respiratory system. The increase in dopamine is associated with a sense of euphoria. Stimulant abuse can be dangerous, most do not lead to physical dependence and risk of withdrawal.
Stimulants still can be addictive in that individuals begin to use them compulsively. Taking high doses of some stimulants repeatedly over a short time can lead to feelings of hostility or paranoia and may result in dangerously high body temperatures, an irregular heartbeat, cardiovascular failure and lethal seizures.