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Cincinnati is the third largest city in Ohio. According to the 2010 Census the population of Cincinnati is 296,943 but the population has also been declining since 1990. Cincinnati is located in the Southwest region of Ohio and north of the Ohio River. It is situated on the Ohio- Kentucky border. It was founded by John Cleves Symmes and Colonel Robert Patterson in 1788. The city was named by the governor of the Northwest Territory, Arthur St. Clair in 1790. St. Clair named the city Cincinnati after the Society of the Cincinnati which was dedicated to honoring General George Washington. Cincinnati is considered the first inland all American city.
The city played a significant role in abolitionism. Many slaves would use the Ohio River to escape from Kentucky to Cincinnati because slavery had already been banned in Ohio. The city is home to several Underground Railroad stations. Cincinnati is also renowned for historical architecture and prides itself on having old world charm. The city has a large historical district and the Over-the Rhine neighborhood has one of the world’s largest collection of Italianate architecture. It is also one of the biggest historic districts on the National Register of Historic Places. Cincinnati was also ranked number five in Forbes’ “America’s Most Affordable Cities” in 2011. The economy in Cincinnati is based largely on business. It is home to numerous businesses that range from small businesses to Fortune 500 companies. Unfortunately Cincinnati also faces an ongoing drug problem.
Cocaine a serious problem for Cincinnati, Ohio
Cincinnati has had a continuing problem with cocaine. Cocaine is considered to be Cincinnati’s worst drug threat and abuse of the drug is on an upward trend. Cocaine is readily and widely available on the streets of the city. Much of the drug is transported into Cincinnati by Mexican and Dominican crime groups through the use of the interstate highways. It is also imported into the city from California, New York, Texas and Florida. Cincinnati is used by wholesale drug traffickers as a place to distribute cocaine into the smaller surrounding cities.
It accounts for one third of illicit drug abuse in Cincinnati and it is the primary drug that people are treated for in Cincinnati treatment facilities. Many of the new cocaine users in the city are young adults and teens as young as thirteen. A common way many teens and young adults first use cocaine it is by adding it to marijuana or tobacco and smoking it. The increase in cocaine in Cincinnati over the past few years has also lead to an increase in the rates of gang activity and violence throughout the city. Common gang violence includes murder, attempted murder, drive by shootings, assault and domestic violence.
Cocaine Abuse & its Effects
Cocaine is a very powerful and addictive stimulant drug. It is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is derived from the leaves of the coca plant. Slang terms for cocaine include blow, snow, coke, yeyo, fine china, china white and powder. Cocaine is an intense nervous system stimulant and an appetite suppressant. The effects of cocaine can last anywhere from fifteen minutes to an hour. The duration and intensity of the high depends on the quality of the drug, the amount ingested and the method of ingestion. It is most commonly ingested through snorting it up the nasal passage and into the sinus cavity but it can also be smoked, injected and orally consumed.
Common effects of consuming cocaine include a sense of euphoria or well being, insomnia, obsessive or compulsive behavior, increased energy, alertness, enhanced athletic or motor abilities, paranoia, anxiety, twitching, restlessness and increased body temperature. Cocaine can have many adverse health effects which include increased risk of stroke or heart attack, asthma, tooth decay, depression, lethargy, chest pain, bronchospasm, and insomnia or hypersomnia. Cocaine is extremely addictive and when frequent users stop or decrease their cocaine use they often experience withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms from cocaine often include depression, anxiety, irritability, anger, unpleasant dreams or nightmares, increased appetite, insomnia, the sensation of bugs crawling all over the body and the intense and compulsive urge to ingest more cocaine.