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Cleveland has a population of 396,815 citizens which makes it the second largest city in Ohio, but its metropolitan area is largest metropolitan in Ohio. Cleveland is located in Northeastern Ohio on the southern shore of Lake Erie. It was founded in 1796 next to the Cuyahoga River. It was named Cleveland after the leader of the Connecticut Land Company, General Moses Cleaveland. General Cleaveland oversaw the development of the city and the plan for the modern downtown area and then left without ever visiting Cleveland again.
Cleveland has many nicknames and some of the most popular are “The Forest City”, “Rock and Roll Capital of the World”, “The Mistake by the Lake” and “The Sixth State”. The climate in Cleveland is humid continental with snowy and cold winters and summers that are hot and humid. On the east side of the city near the Cuyahoga River the lake effect causes that part of the city to see a very large amount of snow. Due to this amount of snow fall in that part of the city Cleveland is considered to be the second snowiest city in the country.
There are many interesting places to see and visit in Cleveland including the Cleveland International Film Festival, Cleveland Museum of Natural History, The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Cleveland Museum of Art, West Side Market, Severance Hall and Cleveland Botanical Garden. It is also home to the second largest performing arts center in the country, playhouse Square Center. Though Cleveland has many positive attributes and popular attractions the city still faces its share of problems as well.
Cleveland has been experiencing a population decline since the 1950s and in 2010 the population dropped by seventeen percent. The city also faces problems with significant poverty in some areas and inadequate public education. Two neighborhoods in Cleveland were named in ABC News “America’s 25 Most Dangerous Neighborhoods’”. They ranked in as the 2nd and 21st most dangerous neighborhoods in the country. Cleveland is now dealing with a growing heroin problem that has been plaguing the city.
Heroin poses a threat to Cleveland, Ohio
In recent years Cleveland has been facing an influx of heroin abuse within the city. The U.S. Justice Department has named heroin as the greatest drug threat to Northeastern Ohio. It is also currently considered to be the fastest growing drug problem is Cleveland. It is believed that much of the heroin that enters the city originates from Mexico. The heroin that comes into the city is very high quality and then it is cut and sold by drug dealers throughout the city. In the past two years there have been three major drug busts in Cleveland that involved heroin. The most recent of those drug busts was the largest heroin bust in the city’s history. Heroin has also gained popularity in Cleveland because the type of heroin that is common in the city does not have to be injected by the user. Instead the drug can be snorted which makes it less intimidating then injecting it.
Heroin is considered to be one of the most dangerous drugs in the world. It is a semi-synthetic opiod drug that is derived from morphine. It is most commonly injected but may also be smoked or snorted. Snorting heroin has become more popular in recent years due to the increased awareness of contracting infectious diseases through needle use. The effects of heroin include an intense sense of euphoria, slowed mental function, vomiting, periods of wakefulness and drowsiness, dry mouth, slurred speech, heavy extremities, and flushed skin. Continued users develop a physical dependency on the drug and experience withdrawal symptoms when they decrease of stop their heroin consumption. Withdrawal symptoms include fever, insomnia, body aches, chills, vomiting, tremors, stomach cramps, diarrhea and the intense urge to use heroin again. In some cases withdrawal from heroin can be fatal. Physical dependency on heroin makes it extremely tough for users to stop using the drug.