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Cranston, previously known as Pawtuxet, is the third largest city in Rhode Island with a population of just over 80,000 citizens. The city is part of the Providence metropolitan area and is home to Garden City and Chapel view which are two of the State’s premier shopping centers. Cranston is largely comprised of suburban communities and rural areas. It also is located next to Narragansett Bay.
According to CQ Press Cranston is among the top 25 safest cities in the country and according to Money magazine it was among the “100 Best Places to Live” in 2006. Cranston boasts a high standard of living and a below average crime rate which makes it an ideal place to live for many people. The city of Cranston also has a low rate of drug and alcohol abuse and drug and alcohol related arrests. Many efforts have been made by the city to insure that crime and drug abuse rates remain low within Cranston. Even though so much effort is put towards preventing drug and alcohol abuse there are still people in Cranston suffering from drug and alcohol addiction.
Alcohol abuse in Cranston, Rhode Island
Alcohol abuse and alcoholism are a very serious problem across the nation. The consumption of alcohol can lead to harm towards the user and anyone they come in contact with. Excessive drinking increases the likeliness of injuries, driving while intoxicated, violence, domestic disputes, unprotected sex and financial problems. The city of Cranston has worked very hard towards preventing drug and alcohol abuse within city limits. Continued prevention education and awareness programs have helped keep Cranston’s drug and alcohol abuse rate below the national average but they have not completely eliminated it from the city. Many people still struggle with alcoholism and or abuse alcohol.
Alcoholism and alcohol abuse
Alcoholism is an addictive disorder that is characterized by a physical dependence on alcohol, the constant and repeated impulse to consume alcohol, the need to consume increasingly higher amounts of alcohol to attain the same level of intoxication, and the inability to control the use or quantity of alcohol consumed. Alcoholism typically negatively affects a person’s personal, social and work relationships. This can make people who suffer from alcoholism feel ashamed, isolated and inadequate. It is uncertain why some people develop alcoholism while others do not but there are some factors that leave some people at higher risk of alcoholism. These risk factors include genetic predisposition, social environment, stress, ethnic group, age, sex, and mental health state.
Alcoholism can lead to many adverse health effects including cirrhosis of the liver, heart disease, nutritional deficiencies, epilepsy, pancreatitis, sexual dysfunction, anemia, alcoholic cardiomyopathy and cancer of the mouth, trachea and esophagus. Women are at a higher risk of developing complications from alcoholism then men and have a higher mortality rate from alcoholism. Alcoholism in women increases the risk of breast cancer and heart, liver and brain damage. When alcoholics decrease or stop their alcohol use they experience withdrawal symptoms that can be fatal if not properly managed. Withdrawal symptoms caused by alcohol dependency consist of delirium tremens (uncontrolled shaking fits), anxiety, insomnia, hallucinations, seizures and heart failure.
Alcohol abuse is often confused of with alcoholism but they are not the same thing. Alcohol abuse is characterized by an unsafe pattern of heavy drinking that results in physical injury to one’s self or others, failure to complete responsibilities, legal problems, and trouble within personal and work relationships. Alcohol abuse is different than alcoholism because alcohol dependency is not a characteristic of alcohol abuse but continued abuse may lead to alcoholism. Binge drinking is a common form of alcohol abuse. It is defined as five or more drinks for men and four or more drinks for women in one drinking session.