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Sioux Falls is the largest city in South Dakota with a population of 153,888, according to the 2010 census. It is the 47thfastest growing city in the United States and the fastest growing metro area in the State of South Dakota, with a total increase of 22% since 2000. Located in the prairie of the Great Plans and along the banks for the Big Sioux River the city is a regional center of urban and rural interaction.
Marijuana in Sioux Falls
Marijuana use in Sioux Falls in extremely common. Bing an fairly inexpensive drug and readily available to the cities residents, Marijuana addiction is on a rise in Sioux Falls and throughout South Dakota. Police are doing all they can to shut down Marijuana cultivation and distribution throughout the state. Marijuana is not just grown within the state, it is brought in threw the southwest boarder of the state from Colorado, Washington and California. Using interstate Interstate 90, running east to west threw the state, drug traffickers are able to transport illicit drugs and currency throughout the State. Mexican traffickers avoid the police by blending in with the growing Hispanic communities throughout the state. In 2006 South Dakota Police reported making 1953 Marijuana drug arrests, 295 of which were juveniles and 1658 were adults. Despite the efforts of local police Marijuana use is on the rise.
2006 statistic of Marijuana use in South Dakota
- Approximately 255,000 residents report that using Marijuana occasionally, once a month, was considered a great risk.
- Approximately 55,000 residents, 8,000 juveniles, report using Marijuana in the past year
- Approximately 33,000 residents, 4,000 juveniles, report using Marijuana in the past month
- Approximately 18,000 residents, 4,000 juveniles, report using Marijuana and another illicit drug in the past month
- NSDUH data results indicate that 9,000 residents reported illicit drug dependency in the past year.
What is Marijuana?
Marijuana is a gray or green mixture of dried flowers and leaves from the Cannabis sativa, or hemp plant. Marijuana is also known as pot, grass,trees, ganja, weed, Maryjane and hash. It contains a chemical known as THC that when smoked or eaten, it creates a high. Marijuana acts as a sedative, which means it has a calming effect, giving a sense of well-being or euphoria, even at time altering the individuals perceptions. Marijuana is a highly psychologically addictive drug.
What are the effects of Marijuana abuse?
Marijuana has both short- and long-term effects on the body. Short-term effects last 2 to 4 hours when the marijuana is smoked and 5 to 12 hours when it’s taken by mouth.
Short-term effects include:
- accelerated heart rate
- disordered thinking
- impaired concentration, thinking ability, and judgment
- impaired perceptual and motor functions
- inappropriate emotions
- increased appetite
- increased blood pressure
- short-term memory loss
Long term use of marijuana increases a person’s risk for the following diseases and conditions:
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis
- heart disease
- increased risk for heart attack (After age 45, Marijuana use causes significant stress on the heart, drastically increasing risk for heart attack for about an hour after they smoke the marijuana.)
- increased risk for lung cancer
- loss of ambition or inability to carry out long-term plans or function effectively
- psychological addiction
- reduced breathing capacity
An individual abusing marijuana for an extended period of time begin to loose inhibition, they will ignore consequences of their actions despite knowing the negative effects, repeatably fail to meet duties at work, school, or home. Many feel that the use of marijuana does not effect their ability to function, which is especially dangerous such as when driving, their actions can lead to legal problems.