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Austin is the capital of Texas. According the 2010 Census the population of Austin is 790,390 which makes it the fourth largest city in Texas. Austin is located in central Texas and has a humid subtropical climate. The official slogan of Austin, Texas is the “Live Music Capital of the World” because it is home to more music venues per capita then any other city in the United States. Austin is home to an eclectic and vibrant live music scene and hosts many music festivals including the South by Southwest film and music festival and the Austin City Limits Music Festival. Austin is a popular tourist destination because of the diverse culture, vibrant music scene and exciting night life.
Austin rated as one of the hardest drinking cities in the U.S.
Austin, Texas has had a problem with alcohol abuse and alcoholism for some time now. The city is known for hard drinking and celebration. Alcohol is ranked the primary drug abused in Texas. Forbes magazine labeled Austin as “America’s Hardest-drinking city in America”. The phenomenon of such heavy drinking in the area is likely due to the extensive amount of celebrations and festivals held in Austin as well as the city’s large population of college students. Alcohol use is widely acceptable and in some cases promoted in the city. Alcohol abuse is a dangerous problem in Austin which is often overlooked. Many teenagers and college students in Austin abuse alcohol and have admitted to binge drinking. Alcohol use is linked to increased rates of car accidents and fatalities among teenagers and college students. Alcohol abuse in teens and college students may also lead to adverse health effects and a life long addiction to alcohol.
Alcohol, or ethanol, has been consumed by humans since prehistoric times. Alcohol consumption is found all over the world and in most cultures. Alcohol use is also found across all of the social status as well. It has been used throughout history for medicinal, recreational, religious, dietary and hygienic purposes. Alcohol can be found in three forms which include beer, wine and spirits. When a person consumes large quantities of alcohol their blood alcohol level rises and the person becomes intoxicated or drunk. The effects of being intoxicated include dizziness, impaired judgment, slurred speech, impaired motor skills, ataxia, blurred vision, delayed reactions, vomiting, loss of inhibitions, increased libido and increased self confidence and sociability. Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to overdose or alcohol poisoning. Extremely high blood alcohol levels can result in life-threatening respiratory depression, decreased heart rate, coma and death. Alcohol abuse and alcoholism are often the consequences of frequent alcohol use. Alcohol abuse and alcoholism are often confused and many people assume they are the same thing but that is not true.
The Truth about the dangers of Alcohol
- Alcohol abuse- is a harmful pattern of heavy drinking that results in physical injury to one’s self or others, failure to fulfill responsibilities, legal trouble, and problems within personal and work relationships. Alcohol abuse is not characterized by dependency on alcohol but continuous and frequent alcohol abuse may lead to alcoholism.
- Alcoholism- is characterized by the physical dependence of alcohol, the continuous and frequent compulsion to consume alcohol, the need to consume increasingly higher amounts of alcohol in order to achieve the same intoxication, and the inability to control the use or amount of alcohol consumed. Alcoholism may have many adverse health effects on an individual including heart disease, kidney disease, hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, liver failure, obesity, malnutrition and cancers of the mouth, larynx, esophagus, pancreas, liver and pharynx.