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Essex, Vermont is the second largest town in the state with a population of approximately 18,600. It is located between the between Lake Champlain and the Green Mountains. Essex is an evenly balanced mix of urbanization and rural areas. The natural beauty of Essex, the nationally recognized school system as well as the very low crime rate makes Essex an alluring place to reside in. Unfortunately Essex has been suffering from an increasing heroin problem that has led to an increase in crime within the town.
Essex experiences rise in crime rate due to heroin use
Essex, Vermont has a very low crime rate but due to the increase in heroin use within the town they are experiencing a rise in crimes related to heroin. Essex has seen a influx of crimes including car robberies, check fraud, property break ins, credit card fraud and theft of wallets, purses, credit cards and personal property. Officials believe this is due to the need for money to support heroin addictions. This is a serious concern for the city of Essex especially because heroin is an extremely addictive drug with a number of health risks and high fatality rate. As the rate of heroin use increases the threat of spreading disease through intravenous drug use also increases. Heroin use also has a high rate of overdoses resulting in hospitalization or death. One of the most pressing matters in Essex is the growing popularity of heroin use in teenagers and young adults. This can result in young people becoming dependent on heroin and forming a life long addiction. Other consequences may be increased outbreaks of diseases spread through intravenous drug use in teens and young adults and also higher mortality rates.
The effects of heroin use
Heroin is semi-synthetic opioid drug that is derived from morphine. It is considered one of the most addictive and dangerous drugs in recreational use. Heroin is consumed in a number of ways but the most common method of use is injection into the vein or muscle. This is generally referred to as shooting up or mainlining. Other methods of use include smoking, snorting, and suppositories. The effects of heroin use usually include an intense sense of euphoria, heavy extremities, periods of wakefulness and drowsiness, dry mouth, flushed skin, inability to keep eyes open, slurred speech, vomiting and slowed mental function. Long term use usually results in dangerous health effects. Health effects may include collapsed veins, abscesses, cellulites, decreased liver function, infection of heart lining and valves, pneumonia and overdose or risk of overdose. Long term heroin use also results in addiction and physical dependency. The user’s body becomes dependent on the drug and when heroin use is stopped the user goes through withdrawal. Withdrawal side effects include fever, chills, body aches, strong desire to use heroin again, stomach cramps, vomiting or nausea, insomnia, restlessness, diarrhea and hot or cold flashes. In some cases heroin withdrawal can be fatal. The harsh effects of withdrawal from heroin use make it exceptionally hard for addicts to quit the using heroin. Heroin users generally feel the need to use the drug repeatedly throughout the day and everyday in order to avoid withdrawal symptoms. Many heroin addicts feel as though they need continuously use heroin to survive.